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Care and Planting Guide

Lilies


Planting Instructions 

  •  Lily Bulbs should be planted as soon as possible. Ideally in the Spring but can be planted up until the Autumn. 
  • Find a location with full sun or partial shade with well-drained soil. 
  • Different Lily varieties tolerate different soil types, Acidic or Alkaline. See Planting Instructions on each Lily for more information.
  • Arrange the Lilies in an odd-number grouping. 
  • If planting in the garden, plant the bulbs about 8" apart. Space the groupings at least 3 feet apart. 
  • If planting in pots, plant 3 bulbs in a 14" 'patio type' pot using good-quality, multi-purpose compost. 
  • Plant the bulbs with 6" of soil above them. 

Care Instructions

  • Lilies can tolerate very cold conditions but they do not like to get wet. 
  • If planting in borders in the garden, the soil must be well drained and, preferably, humus rich. 
  • If planting in pots, make sure lilies are kept moist but do not get waterlogged. 
  • Lilies prefer to be planted in a location with at least half a day’s full sunshine, if it’s a bit too shady they will lean their stems towards the sun.
  • Lily bulbs do not like to be dried out so they must be kept in soil at all times. 
  • Try to plant your lilies where they will dry out after rain to prevent Botrytis, a fungus that spots the leaves. If you do see brown spots on your leaves, spray with a fungicide recommended for roses. 
    If planting in pots, it may be an idea to tilt the pots on their side in the winter to prevent waterlog. 
  • When the Lily has finished flowering, cut any seed heads back and allow the foliage to die back naturally. Do not be tempted to cut the stem back until stems becomes hollow and brown. 
  • After a few years of flowering, you may find the your lilies produce less blooms, it may be time to lift your bulbs and divide them by breaking off the bulblets. All the bulbs will then need replanting. 
  • See FAQ on Lily Beetle care.  

Alliums

 

 Planting Instructions 

  • Choose a location to plant your Allium Bulbs, they like to be in full sunlight and well-drained soil.
  • Once you have found the perfect spot in your garden to grow your Alliums, you need to dig holes in the flower bed that are three times the circumference of the bulb. For example, if the bulb is two inches in size then it needs to be planted six inches deep.
  • Plant the bulbs about 8-12inches apart. For impact, plant in groups.
  • Alliums work well in rockeries and crowded gardens as they don't take up much space.
  • The Allium bulbs need to be planted pointy end up. 
  • Water the bulb well once in situ.
  • To help the soil drain well it is also beneficial to spread mulch, wood chips and organic matter over the entire planting area.
  • Alliums will flower around May/June.
  • Cut the Alliums back at the end of their blooming season. They will then continue to grow in your garden year on year with very little maintenance.

Care Instructions 

  • Allow flower to die back and remove any dead foliage in early Summer.
  • Remove any dead stems that become detached from their bases.
  • Alliums are hardy and can therefore be left in the ground all year round. 
  • Keep an eye out for any diseased foliage. 
  • Seldom need support. 

Camassia
 
 

 Planting Instructions

  • Find a location with well-drained soil.
  • Camassia like to receive full sun if the soil is moist. 
  • In slightly dried soils, Camassia can be grown in areas that receive 4-5 hours of direct sunlight.
  • Plant the Camassia bulbs 4" deep and 8-10" apart. 
  • The bulbs are rounded, with small pointy ends. Plant the points facing upwards. 
  • After planting, water the Camassia well, gently soaking the soil to settle it around the bulbs.
  • Buds will be visible in late Spring and it will produce flowers in early Summer. 

Care Instructions 

  • For best naturalising results, leave the plants undisturbed; they'll be fine for years in the same spot. 
  • After blooming has finished for the season leave the foliage in place; don't cut it off. The leaves will gather sunlight, create food through photosynthesis and strengthen the bulbs for the future. 
  • Water as needed during active growth periods.
  • By mid summer the leaves may yellow and die back. Foliage may be removed at this point. 
  • Camassi prefer to be undisturbed. These are not the best plants to use for containers. 

Eremurus
 
 

Planting Instructions 

  • Choose a Sunny position to plant your Eremurus Bulbs. Choose your position carefully as Eremurus resents being disturbed. They prefer a Sunny position as they will develop stronger stems but they will grow in light shade also. 
  • Eremurus Bulbs like a well-drained, sandy soil. Preferably an ordinary Acidic or Neutral soil type.
  • Gently tuck your Eremurus roots into a hole that is 5 to 6" deep and 10-12" across, fanning them out and pointing them slightly downwards. 
  • Space plants about a foot apart. Plant carefully as the roots can break if not handled gently.
  • After planting, water well, gently soaking the soil and settling it around the roots. Root growth will begin in the Autumn. Top growth and flower stems will form in the Spring. 

Care Instruction 

  • Water as needed throughout its growth. Keep in mind that weekly deep waterings are better than lighter drinks every one to two days.
  • After blooming has finished for the season, feel free to trim off the flower spikes but leave the foliage in place. The leaves will gather sunlight, create food through photosynthesis and strengthen the bulb for the future.
  • By mid summer the leaves will yellow and die back as the plant slips into dormancy. Foliage many be removed at this point. Marking the spot with a small stake is recommended to ensure that the roots are not disturbed. Fresh growth will appear again in late Autumn or Spring, depending on where you live.
  • Eremurus prefer to remain undisturbed and therefore are not ideal for containers. We recommend planting them in beds and borders rather than in containers. 

Fritillaria Imperialis (Crown Imperials)


 

Planting Instructions 

  • Fritillaria Imperialis should be planted in the Autumn for Spring flowering.
  • Find a location with full sun or partial shade with well-drained, sandy soil, if necessary add sand, grit or gravel to be improve the condition of the area for planting.
  • Arrange the bulbs in an odd-number grouping.
  • If planting in the garden, plant the bulbs about 10-12" apart. Space the groupings at least 3 feet apart.
  • If planting in pots, plant 1 bulb in a 6-8" pot using good-quality, multi-purpose compost, preferably adding sand to the hole to prevent the bulb from rotting.
  • Plant the bulbs quite deep with 6-8" of soil above them.
  • It is best to plant the Crown Imperial bulb on its side - this prevents water collecting at the top of the bulb and causing it to rot.

Care Instructions 

  • Fritillaria Imperialis can tolerate very cold conditions but they do not like to get wet.
  • If planting in borders in the garden, the soil must be well drained and, preferably, sandy.
  • If planting in pots, make sure the Fritiallaria Imperialis are kept moist but do not get waterlogged.
  • If planting in pots, it may be an idea to tilt the pots on their side in the winter to prevent waterlog.
  • When the Fritiallaria Imperialis has finished flowering, cut any seed heads back andallow the foliage to die back naturally. 
  • Fritiallaria Imperialis bulbs will multiply during the first or second year of planting. Ideally, the best time to lift and check your bulbs for dividing is during the months of August and September. Once, you have divided your bulbs, they will all need replanting.
  • Once the Fritiallaria Imperialis are to grow, keep a look out for Scarlet Lily Beetle. See FAQ on Lily Beetle care. 

 

Miniature Narcissus (Daffodils)
 

 

Planting Instructions 

  • Find a location with well-drained soil. Daffodils will not thrive in water-logged areas.
  • Daffodils like to receive full sun for most of the day. 
  • If planting in the garden, plant the bulbs with their pointed tops 4-7" below the soil surface with smaller bulbs placed more shallowly than larger ones. Allow 4 to 5 bulbs per square foot. 
  • If planting in Pots, find a large container and fill it with good-quality, well-drained soil. Ensure there is adequate draining holes. 
  • Plant in the Autumn, September through November.
  • After planting, water the Daffodils well, gently soaking the soil to settle it around the bulbs.
  • Daffodils will flower early Spring. 

Care Instructions 

  • After flowering has finished for the season leave the foliage in place; don't cut it off. The leaves will gather sunlight, create food through photosynthesis and strengthen the bulbs for the future.
  • Water as needed during active growth periods.
  • By mid summer the leaves may yellow and die back. Foliage may be removed at this point.
 

Tulips

 

 Planting Instructions 

  • Find a location with well-drained soil. Tulips will not thrive in water-logged areas.
  • Tulips like to receive full sun for most of the day.However, some varieties can tolerate shady areas too. Check with the individual variety.
  • If planting in the garden, plant the bulbs with their pointed tops 12cm below the soil surface. Allow 4 to 5 bulbs per square foot. 
  • If planting in Pots, find a large container and fill it with good-quality, well-drained soil. Ensure there is adequate draining holes. 
  • Plant in the Autumn, September through November.
  • After planting, water the Tulips well, gently soaking the soil to settle it around the bulbs.
  • Tulips will flower early Spring. 

 Care Instructions

  • Deadhead the flowers during the season before the petals fall off.
  • After flowering has finished for the season leave the foliage in place; don't cut it off. The leaves will gather sunlight, create food through photosynthesis and strengthen the bulbs for the future.
  • Water as needed during active growth periods.
  • By mid summer the leaves may yellow and die back. Foliage may be removed at this point.
 
 Gloriosa (The Flame Lily)

 

 Planting Instructions

  • Gloriosa Lilies like a well-drained soil. Find a suitable location in your garden or, preferably, plant in pots with suitable drainage holes to prevent waterlog. While gloriosa lilies will grow well in most moderately fertile soil, they will not survive in soggy soil or standing water.
  • Use a multi-purpose compost or John Innes No 3 for your Gloriosa.
  • Site your Gloriosa Lilies where they will receive full sun to light shade.
  • Dig holes and plant the bulbs 3-4" deep and 6-8" apart. Take care NOT to touch the growing points on the bulbs; bumping and abraiding this area tends to reduce sprouting. Just lay the bulbs on their sides in the soil and cover them with soil (at approximately an angle of 45degrees). They'll figure out which way is up. It's often helpful to add a support for the vines to clamber up.
  • After planting, water your Gloriosa lilies generously, soaking the soil to settle it around the bulbs. Roots and sprouts will form in a few weeks and these plants flower at a young age. (If the soil in your area is still quite cool wait until it warms before planting.) 

Care Instructions 

  • Water periodically during the growing season if rain does not occur. About 1" of water per week is a good estimate of the amount needed during active growth periods. Half strength fertilizer added to the water every two weeks usually keeps plants blooming strongly throughout the summer and sometimes into early fall. 
  • After your gloriosa has finished flowering for the season, leave the foliage in place; don't cut it off. The leaves will gather sunlight, create food through photosynthesis and strengthen the bulb for the future. Water as needed. Leaves and stalks may be removed when they yellow.
  • Gloriosa Lily Bulbs don’t like to get too cold, therefore if the temperature drops to -7 degrees, you'll need to lift gloriosa lily bulbs and store them indoors in ever so slightly damp peat moss. Or you can just replace them next spring for another year of winged blooms. 
  • Your gloriosa lilies will rest for a few months before beginning the next growing cycle in the spring/summer.

 
Dahlias

Planting Instructions

  • Once the risk of frost has past, usually March or early April, find a sunny position with well-drained soil.
  • Dig a hole about 30cm deep and 30cm square for each Dahlia Tuber. Allow 75cm spacing between each tuber. (The spacing may vary depending on the final size of the variety.)
  • If planting in pots, use a 2 to 3 litre pot or 12" in diameter and fill with multi-purpose compost. Use a slow-release fertiliser to promote strong growth.  
  • If planting in the garden, mulch over to protect them from the risk of any frost, douse the hole with a watering can full of water and cane as you plant. 

Care Instructions 

Care:
  • Support Dahlias with canes on planting and tie in as growth develops.
  • When your Dahlias reach about 40cm in height, pinch out the growing tips with your thumb and forefinger or use a sharp knife. This will encourage branching.
  • Water once a week with a good amount not just a little sprinkle.
  • Deadhead flowers as they fade.
Overwintering: 
  • Once the first frosts have blackened the foliage, cut the plants back to the ground.
  • In well-drained soils, leave the tubers in the ground and cover with a generous layer of bark chips or compost to protect them from frost. In colder climates or heavier soils, lift and store your tubers over winter.  Replant the following spring. 
Lifting and Storing over winter:
  • Cut back foliage and carefully lift the tubers out of the soil.
  • Allow the tubers to dry off naturally and then clean away any soil. 
  • Trim the stems back to 15-20cm and cut off any fine roots.
  • Make sure the tubers are completely dry before storing them into open trays or boxes. Pack with peat-free compost or dry sand. Leave the crowns exposed. 



 

 
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